MATLAB: I nee to change this str2double code while keeping the same output for the collatz function.

MATLAB: I nee to change this str2double code while keeping the same output for the collatz function.

functionMATLABstring

The following is the script to my function:
function [steps,maxnum]=collatz(num)
str=input('Enter an integer greater than 1:','s');
num=str2double(str);
cnt=0;
maxnum=num;
while num>1
cnt=cnt+1;
if mod(num,2);
num=num*3+1;
else
num=num/2;
end
if num>maxnum; maxnum=num;
end
end
s=cnt
maxnum
I was told that I cannot use the str2double(str) function but I cannot figure out how to get the same output any other way. My script is supposed to take a number greater than 1 and apply a while loop by multiplying the integer by 3 then adding 1 if it is odd or dividing it by 2 if it is an even number until the function equals 1, where the loop ends. I need a different method for finding the steps it takes for the loop to end. For example if the user enters “3” the steps would be 3 → 10 → 5 → 16 → 8 → 4 → 2 → 1. I would need the output to be s=7 %meaning it took 7 steps to complete the loop m=16 %representing the maximum number reached during the loop

Best Answer

  • str = input('Enter an integer greater than 1:','s');
    num = sscanf(str,'%i');
    Although str2double has the advantage that it returns NaN for incorrect inputs.
    Tell your mysterious advisor that using input to return a string is much safer than getting input to evaluate whatever random things the user has given it, and that they should encourage their students to learn good (defensive) programming practices. Using input without returning a string causes it to evaluate the input given to it by the user, which is an awfully insecure, unsafe, and buggy way to write code, and all of the points listed here apply (particularly the insecure part):
    You might like to read the discussion here too:
    If your mysterious advisor then ill-advisedly insists that you really really need to use input by getting it evaluate whatever that user gives it then of course you will have to follow their instructions… and you will have learned the valuable lesson that people do not always know what they are talking about. You will know better.
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